Our team in Sweden consists of eleven employees from 9 different countries, with about half the team working with software and GIS, half the team working with business and management. The position offered to you is a part of our expansion team in Saudi Arabia. Consisting of five employees, the team comprises of GIS specialists dealing with various tasks such as data analysis, cartography and IT. The team of diverse specialties and backgrounds, fosters a culture of openness and transparency, as well as compassion for all co-workers. On site cooperating with another team of GIS specialists, the scope of the project at hand is to produce a nation wide mapp analysis through gis-data layers for the Saudi Arabian government. The location of project and your personal stay for the 9 month duration excluding holidays is in Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia.
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The British Cartographic SocietyVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Esri Production Mapping: Generating High Quality Product-On-Demand Maps Over the Web
Cartography is the business of making maps. A map is a graphic which shows a simplified picture of some of the features of part or all of the world.
Making maps is an exciting and creative profession. Cartography has developed as allied occupations have evolved with new technology. However, although the boundaries and techniques of map making have moved, and it is integrated with other areas of applied geography, cartography remains essential to the successful visualisation of spatial data, and the demand for skilled cartographers is strong. If you love maps, can pore over them for hours and wonder how they are made, then cartography may be the career for you!
It is an exciting opportunity to combine design, technology and geography. The clear presentation of map data demands particular skills of design and creativity. The way that cartographers work has changed, as with most occupations, because computer technology is widely applied to most aspects of gathering and using geographical information. Map production is now computer based, and maps are increasingly used in a computer environment for example on a smart phone, a web page, or in a geographical information system as well as in printed form.
Cartography therefore firmly links the information and communication technology sector with geography, publishing and design. The range of map products has also increased and expanded. Cartographers design and produce a wide range of mapping products, not just the road atlases and sheet maps that are well known.
They include plans large-scale maps , maritime charts, globes, transport maps and route diagrams such as the London Underground map , atlases, street maps, statistical maps, and specialist maps for very specific purposes such as maps for tourists. Digital maps, designed to be seen and used on a computer screen or a smart-phone, account for a growing proportion of all maps made.
No longer is a map only a printed object. The use of maps on the web has led to alternative forms of maps as methods of geographic visualisation, and new types of cartography include 3-D imagery, fly-throughs, web maps, and in-car navigation systems SatNavs as well as interactive and hyperlinked maps. However, although the technology has changed, cartographers still need the same basic skills of designing and producing maps.
Whether it is a paper or a digital map, cartographers take geographical information and work out the best way to present it. They are involved in researching and gathering information and deciding what should appear on a map editorial work , deciding how best to present it design work , and then producing the map production work. There are two main groups of map producers: public organisations and commercial companies. Now charged with the recovery of all their costs, the main government agencies have become important players in the competitive world of commercial cartography.
These national topographical databases are usable in many applications and supplied for use in GIS and other computer-based applications. The familiar range of paper maps produced by the national mapping agencies constitutes only a small part of the overall sales of the organisation, even though it is the most public face of its operations.
Other government agencies produce maps for more specialist purposes geological maps and land-use maps are examples and make these available for sale. Local government produces maps for planning purposes, or for presenting the organisation to the public, but rarely for just commercial ends. Commercial cartographers publish maps, charts and atlases under their own names, and also undertake work for book publishers, for industry and commerce and for government on a contractual basis.
Some of the larger companies are well-known names in map publishing and produce a range of map and atlas products available in general bookshops. Road atlases the most familiar annual map publications, and the largest-selling commercial map products are a good example of a high-profile map product.
There are other companies which are specialist publishers, e. Yet others are essentially contract cartographers who will undertake almost any mapping project from an atlas to a single location map for a local company. In practice, most commercial cartographers will be interested in undertaking work for any client who approaches them, and the market is competitive. Some commercial cartographers work as partners with Ordnance Survey, either re-selling Ordnance Survey data or using it and adding additional information to make specialist maps.
The market for maps is not just domestic, and most large cartographers will be working on contracts for different countries, and in different languages. Cartography is a competitive business.
The set-up costs for a large atlas are considerable, and publishers will recoup costs and make a profit by producing versions of the atlas for many different countries. The maps sold under the name of one publisher may have been created by another company, and maps sold under the logo of high-street retailers will have been produced by a specialist cartographer.
Some companies employing cartographers such as oil companies produce highly specialised products for a limited, professional audience. There are different roles and functions within cartography, but, as with most jobs, the boundaries between one job and another are indistinct. A flexible approach is essential, especially in small companies.
As well as the core disciplines of map design and production, the cartographer nowadays will probably know something of surveying, remote sensing, GIS and digital data formats, as well as publishing and, in many organisations, sales and distribution.
With digital maps the norm, the role has much in common with book publishing, and the cartographer will need to know about digital publishing procedures, especially desk-top publishing.
Cartographers may also have to liaise with printers and book publishers, with editors and clients. Some clients have little idea of what is involved in the production of a map, and you may have to offer guidance on what can and cannot be done, especially to a limited budget. As a guide, a large cartographic office may employ map editors, cartographers, mapping technicians, specialist IT staff and managers.
Map editors are involved in the process of compilation of maps. Compiling means choosing base-map information and adding specific features relevant to the purpose of the map, for example new roads, statistics, or tourist information. They decide on what features will be shown and how , by choosing the symbols, colours and lettering that appear on the map. Creating new maps requires research, analysis and evaluation of map source material which includes existing maps, statistics, photographs, satellite imagery and aerial photographs as well as specific information required by the client.
A major atlas project, for example needs many hours of work to plan and design what will be shown on each page, and determine how it will work as a unified publication.
Most cartographic companies will hold an archive of maps they have produced before, and new maps will be made by adapting these for the new purpose.
The editor produces a layout which shows exactly how the final map will appear which is then turned into the final digital graphic by the cartographer. The cartographer takes the layout which the editors have designed to the final finished map stage. The cartographer will use a computer workstation, running design software often Adobe Illustrator , desk-top publishing software typically QuarkXPress or InDesign and sometimes GIS, photogrammetric or other specialist software. The cartographer will produce the map and check it at interim stages, subsequently revising it at proof stage when the final appearance of the map can be better judged.
They liaise with clients and map editors to resolve queries. Cartographers may also be involved in editorial work as well as production work. Mapping technicians are involved mostly with more basic techniques such as digitising paper maps, database input, basic revision of map features and symbols, and some new map production work. They may also maintain databases of graphical and other information for example, lists of place names and their population.
Technicians may be in training to become cartographers. Managers are usually experienced cartographers and editors with responsibility for a specific range of products or for all products in a small company.
As well as overseeing budgets, production schedules and staff, managers will liaise with clients and supervise sales staff, work out quotations for new business and ensure that jobs are progressing to specification and budget. In smaller offices, cartographers, map editors and managers will undertake many different tasks as need arises, adding variety to the working day.
Commercial cartographers and the large public map makers also employ IT specialists. They may manage the IT needs of cartographers, but in the larger organisations they may be adapting and writing software for specific applications and customers. Entry into these jobs requires qualifications in IT rather than cartography, but clearly an understanding of the issues surrounding maps is an advantage.
As well as design and production, the practice of map making involves other areas of work. The following occupations involve specialist training, at undergraduate or postgraduate level. But, above all, the most important thing you need to be a cartographer is enthusiasm about maps and about geographical information.
The subject is so varied that as long as you have basic geographical knowledge and skills, you will find a discipline within the world of maps that suits your skills and education! Courses in cartography in further and higher education in the UK are now few and far between. There are no dedicated courses in cartography at NVQ or degree level, but cartography forms an element in a number of courses in related subjects, including geography, GIS and geomatics. As a result, those wanting to enter cartography usually need to be taken on by a company and trained on the job.
There are opportunities to enter cartography at trainee technician level straight from school or further education, and these are normally in the large pubic-sector employers detailed below in Employers. Entry at technician level into the public sector requires GCSE or similar qualifications usually including English language and mathematics, and sometimes geography is preferred and involves being trained within the organisation.
Entry at graduate level into a cartographic organisation, whether commercial or public sector, is also increasingly normal.
Although it is not now possible to acquire a degree in cartography in the UK, having qualifications in a spatial science is a huge advantage. Relevant degree subjects to consider include geography, geomatics, GIS, geoinformatics, geographic information technologies, topographic science, land surveying, geology, earth sciences, or environmental science if it has a spatial component.
Graduates in design, and computer science and software engineering are also represented. For opportunities in GIS and database management in cartographic publishers, GIS or an allied subject is usually the best route. For anyone considering a career in cartography and searching for a suitable course at college or university, the advice would be to find one which includes modules or courses in cartography or an allied subject as part of the study of one of the disciplines listed above.
The British Cartographic Society maintains links to such courses on its website www. As well, it is a good idea to use a web search site to see what is currently available because new courses do arise occasionally. If you are in the position to study abroad, there are a number of universities and colleges in Europe, the USA and Canada which offer courses in cartography. Possession of postgraduate qualifications can be helpful for entering specialised areas of cartography and for later career development, especially in a company which deals in the wider aspects of spatial data, not just map making.
A qualification in a subject such as GIS, cartography, photogrammetry, surveying or remote sensing is normally an advantage. Major employers such as Ordnance Survey recruit computer scientists as well as cartographers. Training is normally in-house and focuses on acquiring practical mapping skills. These may include techniques of map compilation, map design and layout, as well as learning map production using software packages.
Much will depend on the particular post you have filled as to what the training schedule will be. Larger employers will often give new recruits the chance to work in a number of different departments and may train them in specialist areas such as GIS or photogrammetry, as well as digital mapping. Some companies will sponsor staff on training courses in specific software packages. Smaller companies have more limited training budgets, but may offer a greater variety of projects to work on, allowing you to gain experience that way.
It is worth checking with prospective employers about opportunities for professional development and sponsorship to go on courses. Employment in cartography is basically either within the public sector or with commercial cartographers. It is worth looking at their websites to find out about current vacancies and what the organisations do. These agencies tend to be organized into divisions with responsibilities for different product ranges — e.
Recruitment tends to be as need arises rather than on an annual quota basis, and details of vacancies are advertised on their websites. Application for employment is made via standard application forms issued by the agencies.
I am convinced that our students will learn valuable skills in knowing how to use MAPublisher which will have additional value in the post-graduation labour market. Students will be able to take advantage of the graphics capabilities of MAPublisher to produce high-quality maps. Developed as a suite of plug-ins for Adobe Illustrator and Xtras for Macromedia Freehand, MAPublisher leverages the superior graphics editing capabilities of these applications with the strength and power of GIS data. Full details and downloadable demo versions are available at www. More about the Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at the Estonian University of Life Sciences The Estonian Agricultural University is a center for research and development in Estonia in agriculture, forestry, animal science, veterinary science, rural life and economy, food science, biodiversity, nature protection, renewable natural resources and environmentally friendly technologies.
National Mapping Agencies
Back to Vacancies. Duty Description Component Mission The National Counterterrorism Center NCTC leads our nation's effort to combat terrorism at home and abroad by analyzing the threat, sharing that information with our partners, and integrating all instruments of national power to ensure unity of effort. The Center serves as the primary organization in the United States Government USG for analyzing and integrating all intelligence possessed or acquired by the USG pertaining to terrorism and counterterrorism, and its Director serves as the Counterterrorism Mission Manager. NCTC also serves as the central and shared knowledge bank on known and suspected terrorists and international terrorist groups, as well as their goals, strategies, capabilities, and networks of contacts and support.
Transforming National Map Production
Combining science , aesthetics , and technique, cartography builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively. Modern cartography constitutes many theoretical and practical foundations of geographic information systems. What is the earliest known map is a matter of some debate, both because the term "map" is not well-defined and because some artifacts that might be maps might actually be something else. As early as the 8th century, Arab scholars were translating the works of the Greek geographers into Arabic. In ancient China , geographical literature dates to the 5th century BCE.
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Barbara Buttenfield. Aileen Buckley. Charlie Frye. We present an approach to database modeling that considers the map production requirements from the outset, then defines the unique characteristics and requirements for the GIS data to support mapping, as well as the process models to create the maps. Our information model is derived from a communication model that encompasses traditional cartographic design and production processes to transform information about the geographic environment to geospatial data to maps.
Center for International Forestry Research
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. In the second half of the twentieth century, American society has been fundamentally and irreversibly transformed by the digital computer. As a result of its introduction and widespread use, ours has increasingly become an information-based economy.
The winning entries are listed below — some of them were featured in our Map of the Month section. The winning entries from the ICC map exhibition are listed below — some of them were featured in our Map of the Month section. In total, 27 countries submitted entries for this exhibition. All entries were displayed and lightened in pavilion 69 of the Exhibition Centre. A catalogue was made available to all conference participants. The best products were selected in 9 categories by an international jury with the following members:. The IHO award for the best entry at hydrographic charts exhibition was won by Australia, with the 2nd and 3rd prizes for Japan and the Netherlands. A total of maps were selected from the entries including hydrographical charts for the international map exhibition. The best products were selected in 8 categories by an international jury with the following members:. The jury reviewed maps and atlases, including 37 multimedia items, to pick what they thought were the best in the various categories. The cartographic materials were produced over the past two years, since the previous conference held in Beijing, China, in
You are currently viewing an archived version of Topic Map Production and Management. If updates or revisions have been published you can find them at Map Production and Management. Map production describes the experience of managing the many aspects and details of map creation. Often the map product is created for someone else—a client, supervisor, or instructor. Describing the intention of the map and evaluating available resources ahead of the project can help the cartographer define content requirements, stay on task, and ultimately meet deadlines. The project management life cycle involves clear communication between the cartographer and client, with resolutions to common questions best addressed at the beginning of the project.
Abstract : The framework of this paper is the production of statistical maps fol-lowing the reproducible research paradigm. To produce statistical maps, the current or at least the most widespread usage is to combine several software products in a complex toolchain that use a variety of data and file formats. This software and formats diversity make it difficult to reproduce analysis and maps from A to Z. The aim of this paper is to propose a unified workflow that fully integrates map production in a reproducible process. We propose hereby a solution based on the R software through the development of the cartography package, an extension that fills the need of specific thematic mapping solution within the software. Scientific claims have to be supported by evidences.
An analysis of the demands of geographic information users revealed a number of changes in relation to traditional requirements. The emergence and growth of new platforms for the use of cartographic data, such as the web or mobile devices, requires more up-to-date products, even if this means compromising on aesthetics, which with these devices cannot always be fully appreciated. It is therefore necessary to optimise the geographic information production processes and obtain derived products as quickly and effectively as possible. To date, the production flow of the National Topographic Map , MTN25 was focused on generating paper maps with very high quality standards.
Create valuable products through photogrammetric processing and data exploitation. Produce high quality cartographic map products. Collect and maintain massive geographic information databases for the entire country.
Geospatial data analysis and visualization are a core component of our approach to projects of all sizes, serving clients in oil and gas exploration, government and non-governmental agencies, the U. We employ mobile, desktop, and online tools supported by ESRI technology to collect and centralize data, conduct analyses, and communicate results.
This paper deals with a technological concept of an integrated visualisation VIS and geoinformation GIS software environment for the database-based construction of quality maps. It discusses various approaches of partial implementation in commercial map production. The work presented addresses a current research problem, the combination of VIS-based map production with GIS data analysis in one software environment. Geodressing produces standard map graphics in a largely automated, cost-effective way for rapid delivery to a growing customer base.